The Friluftsliv Program
Local knowledge, Field-Tested Experience
· Dates; October 2021 through July 2022
· Max. Size: 10
· Tuition: $3500 for the full program, or $1300 per individual session
Our Flagship Year Long, Part-Time Immersion Program Centered Around Local Outdoor Living Skills
Learn Where You Live, On A Schedule That Works For You
The year long program is split up into seasonal sessions. Students can still sign up for the whole program, and only those that attend all three of the other sessions will be able to attend the final summer session trip to northern Maine. However, if you can’t attend the whole program, then you can pick a season and sign up for the three sessions it contains. Students who’ve taken all three sessions, but not within the same year can attend the final summer session. The summer session will focus entirely on canoeing, and because of that requires students to have taken all of the other sessions to participate, so that they already have the skillset for camp life and can focus entirely on canoe skills while at the Jack Mountain field school in maine.
Each season will be focused on the projects and nature studies that coincide with that time of year. For example, the fall session will be heavily focused on wild foods, and putting those up for winter. This allows students to see in real-time the patterns of outdoor activities and wildlife that coincide with the shifting seasons. There will also be cross-over in all the sessions on certain topics, such as cooking, axe, etc as those are the skills that allow us to accomplish the other specific topics.
October 8th-10th; Fire, Knife, Axe, introduction to plant ID
November 12th-14th; Shoulder Season Shelter Building, Fire By Friction
December 10th-12th; Bow making, Dead fall traps.
January 14th-16th; Crafting with hand tools and fire (making burned bowls and spoons, stock reduction knife making)
February 11th-13th; Winter shelter building and open fire shelter overnight
March 11th-13th; Packbasket making, field expedient snowshoes and winter tracking
April 1st-3rd; carving canoe paddles, making natural cordage
May 13th-15th; Introduction to paddling and canoeing knots
June 17th-19th; Introduction to poling and reading moving water
Two Week Summer Session (Open only to students who have taken all three previous sessions)
July 9th-23rd; Living out of a canoe. Students will spend a week at the Jack Mountain Bushcraft Schools campus in northern Maine learning the skills that go into long term river trips, then another week on a remote river trip, making those skills their own through repetition
Registration is open for 2021. We’ve only got a few spots open for this session, so register now to reserve your space
There are professional training programs where you can travel to and immerse yourself in the long-term experience of living, teaching, and guiding outdoors, and we’ve been running long-term immersion programs like that at Jack Mountain for the last twenty years. One of the things we’ve learned is that not everyone can carve out nine straight weeks for a course like that. Having students come and live on our property for an extended period of time allows for really in-depth knowledge but we want everyone to be able to achieve these goals locally as well. We want to give future students the opportunity to do that even if they can’t take nine weeks out of their lives. So let us introduce to you the Friluftrsliv Forest Program. Friluftsliv is a concept that means open-air life. The idea behind it is that you don’t need to go to a remote place to experience the natural world, you can do it in your own backyard by actively participating in the natural world. It doesn’t require high adrenaline activities or top-of-the-line gear. The only things required are spending time in the natural world, and a desire to learn about the ecosystem you’re participating in.
These skills can be learned anywhere, but benefit greatly from an opportunity for a culminating experience in a location that feels remote, and challenges your comfort level by allowing you to live with the skillset every day. The Jack Mountain field school in Aroostook County and the nearby waterways of northern Maine are perfect for this.
When you successfully complete this program, you will have a solid foundation of the natural knowledge and skills of the place you live, as well as the practical foundation needed to continue to learn and travel through remote places on your own.
Weekends take place at the School Of The Forest Campus in Guilford VT, and the final two weeks take place at the JMB field school in Masardis, ME, and on a remote river. The Course is designed for those in central New England who want to dramatically expand their skill and experience living, guiding, and teaching outdoors. We’ll use and pass on our tested methods from twenty years of long-term programming, and wilderness guiding.
What is “Friluftsliv”?
Friluftsliv is a simple thing to explain, but a complex concept to understand. It’s an idea that being out in nature is something that should be part of people’s day-to-day lives, not just an event, or vacation. We’ll talk a lot about these ideas during the course, but if you want to learn more we recorded a podcast about the topic that you can listen to here
A fair amount of the required reading for these programs is ecology-based (Fish studies, plant research, etc), but we’ll also be reading a few books about friluftsliv and deep ecology and discussing them as part of the program. Students are not required to read these more philosophically minded books for the course, but we’ve found that the experience is greatly enhanced by having the opportunity to view the outdoors from the perspective they show.
Our Educational Philosophy
Knowledge is power, but knowledge is constructed, not received. It is built incrementally, over time. If teaching were simply telling, then anyone who excelled in a field would be an effective teacher of it. But this transmission model of teaching isn’t effective for most learners. Standing in front of someone and telling them what they need to know isn’t facilitating learning. Especially when you consider the differences between visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles.
We subscribe to the learning model of teaching, where the role of the teacher is to create situations where learning takes place. Students build upon their knowledge daily, and by the end of the experience, they’ve accumulated a storehouse of information and experiences. But the instructor must also make it relevant. It’s easy to scoff at friction fire since matches and lighters are so readily available. But remove them from the equation and it’s instantly relevant, and the desire to learn the subtleties of the hand drill takes on renewed importance.
Our students are actively learning, immersing themselves in the curriculum by necessity. An example of this is how we teach shelter building. You can learn something about a shelter by making one. You can learn more about it by sleeping in it. But to truly know that specific shelter, you need to spend four consecutive nights in it. In this way, you’re forced to deal with the consequences of shoddy construction or not paying attention to details. Maybe the first night is rough, but it teaches you what you need to do before the second night in order to shore it up and get some sleep. The second night is spent learning some of the subtleties that would make it more comfortable. The third night is fine-tuning it to your specifications, and the fourth night is enjoying the fruits of your labor. If you were to build the same shelter again, you could eliminate the learning curve because you’d know what to do from the outset. That’s experiential education.
“Experiential education is the process of actively engaging students in an authentic experience that will have benefits and consequences. Students make discoveries and experiment with knowledge themselves instead of hearing or reading about the experiences of others. Students also reflect on their experiences, thus developing new skills, new attitudes, and new theories or ways of thinking.” (Kraft & Sakofs, 1988)
In addition to passing on traditional skills, we focus on using them to foster critical thinking, problem-solving, creativity, curiosity, and concern with ethical issues.
Field Weekend Curriculum Example
Each weekend will build on the work the students have done at home, as well as the experience they gained the previous week. For example, the first weekend of the course might look something like this
- Intro to Fire (One Match Fire, Bowdrill Kits, Fire Lays)
- Outdoor Cooking 101
- Axe Use 101
- Pot Hook Carving
And with that as groundwork, the next weekend will have more complex or challenging skills, but students will have the muscle memory, or experience to thrive at them.
For example, This minidocumentary walks through the 2020-2021 Friluftsliv Forest Program students’ experience as they prepare for, and participate in their “halfway point” culminating exercise. Students on the FFP take part in the winter overnight, with only a fire and shelter they’ve built to stay warm. This experience shows the students how far they’ve come over the last six months, and lets them know where there’s room for improvement over the next half of the program before our final two-week trip in the North Maine woods. The open fire exercise is one that brings a sense of growth. It’s exhausting, not only from spending the day putting up firewood but from spending the night catching bits of sleep here and there between keeping the fire fed. The morning that brings the end of the exercise, no matter how many nights it’s gone for, is always greeted with tired smiles and a sense of accomplishment. It’s a powerful experience to be out in temperatures below freezing, with minimal gear, and have the knowledge and skill to manage it. Experiences like this are what this long-term immersion program is all about.
Intended Learning Outcomes
- 1. Demonstrate skill proficiency and extensive experience in a wide variety of bushcraft and primitive skills, including fire, shelter, outdoor cooking, observational weather forecasting, carving, basketry, cordage and natural bindings, navigation, and the use of the axe, saw, and knife.
2. Demonstrate knowledge and skill in traditional canoe skills, including paddling, poling, safely running whitewater, portaging, and other related skills.
3. Make and use a variety of pieces of traditional gear
4. Have a working knowledge of basic, intermediate, and advanced wilderness survival.
5. Assemble and maintain a tool kit with which they can make a variety of different crafts.
6. Navigate by map and compass, and also by using barehand methods.
7. Build a strong foundation of nature knowledge about the weather, plants, the stars and constellations, mammals and their tracks, fish, etc.
8. Have a working knowledge of 50 edible, medicinal, and otherwise useful wild plants.
9. Document daily progress with individual skills in their logbook.
Process, Not Product
Something students hear a lot around the field school is that it’s the process that’s important, not the product. We’re process-driven. It’s nice to have a good-looking bow at the end of the process, but we’re more invested in people being able to replicate the process after the course. (Read about the process of learning bowmaking).
This is true for all of the intended learning outcomes mentioned above. Not only will you leave with an understanding of the things we’ve studied, but you’ll also have a system to continue those studies for the rest of your life. After running ten+ Long term immersion semesters at Jack Mountain Bushcraft School, I’ve found that the more people get to play with the projects and skills they learn, the more likely they remember them, so each weekend on this course will be framed around learning new techniques and systems while getting the chance to have a little fun with something we’ve practiced earlier in the year. That way things stay fresh, but the assistance required to start the road to mastery of other skills is still there to support the learning process.
7 Elements Of School Of The Forest And Jack Mountain Programs
Skill – Journey – Craft – Nature – Culture – Sustainability – Self
Drawing on the philosophies of bushcraft we’ve developed over 21-years of field courses, the traditions of Maine Guides that go back generations, the Cree concept of miyupimaatisiium (translated as “being alive well”) and the Scandinavian idea of friluftsliv (translated as “open air life”), the following seven elements comprise the components of our semester and yearlong programs.
1. Skill – Learn by doing. Too much of modern education is theoretical, abstract and sedentary, where the head is engaged but the hands are not. We depart from that norm with a tangible, hands-on approach that emphasizes being an active participant in the natural world and in life. Our 21-point curriculum focuses on necessary skills for the professional outdoors person.
2. Journey – Travel through remote parts of the north woods alongside professional guides, directly experiencing what you’re learning. Live in the bush for extended lengths of time where the focus isn’t simply how-to, but living with efficiency and grace that come with extensive experience.
3. Craft – Explore the world with your hands. Build useful items from materials gathered on the landscape. Man needs tools to live. Making these necessary items from materials gathered from the landscape bonds you to the land and makes you self-reliant.
4. Nature – Learn the language of the world around you. Study the weather, edible/medicinal plants, fungi, mammals and their tracks, birds, fish, mollusks, insects, amphibians, reptiles, rocks, minerals, soil, water, ice, celestial bodies, and ecology.
5. Culture – Culture is the human element, or soft skills, which make or break an expedition. Learn management and leadership skills crucial to the professional guide and outdoor leader, as well as how to instruct effectively.
6. Sustainability – Life is different with minimal infrastructure. Learn the techniques of living a simple, low-tech life with minimal inputs by living them every day. Compost everything that will rot, grow food, reuse and repurpose resources, care for the land and leave it healthier for future generations.
7. Self – Learn your specific needs and boundaries. In a world of generalizations, it’s important to know exactly what you need to function well. How much sleep do you need to function? How much water? How much of a bed do you need to make in order to sleep well? This is about intimately knowing yourself and what you need to do to keep your body alive and well. The only way to learn it is to live it.
Getting Ready For The Course
1.Join Our Online Network
There is significant work to be completed by students between field sessions on our online learning platform, BushcraftSchool.com. Join early to get a feel for the site, and meet other students already taking our programs. You can also learn more about this program on our blog and podcasts.
2. Take A Look At The Gear List
We try to keep our gear list as minimal as possible, but there are a few necessities like tools and tents that you’ll need to pick up. You can look at that list here
3. Familiarize Yourself With The Campus Policies
We have some guidelines for staying on the property that we encourage everyone who visits to familiarize themselves with.
Humanure Composting System
For more information, or to get your questions about the program answered please use the contact form below